Liquidity is an essential aspect for investors since it impacts scalability, minimizes slippage, and significantly impacts profitability. A low level of liquidity can create significant transaction disruptions and lower market trade volume. This will boost volatility by generating additional ups and downs, resulting in massive price spreads.
I. Why is liquidity necessary?
Forex liquidity brokers are among the most critical players in this industry since they function as market makers to guarantee that users always have access to liquidity. Their main job is to create conditions where buyers and sellers can operate with the expectation of completing their trades successfully. Numerous types of banks, foreign exchange suppliers, and influential multinational organizations may represent a market maker. All of the mentioned organizations’ objectives are to ensure that everyone involved in trading has enough liquidity. This function is not without boundaries. Forex liquidity providers have almost no influence on how much money is moved on any specific trading session. Instead, they expect to influence certain trades by increasing the number of transactions and bringing additional quotes to the process.
II. What happens if there is no liquidity?
A) No liquidity means no trades
The Forex market could stop functioning if there were no liquidity at all, and traders would be unable to execute any transactions. The Forex market could stop functioning if there were no liquidity at all, and traders would be unable to perform any transactions. Traders cannot identify fair prices without functional bid/ask quotations; thus, they will never know the amount they should pay when placing their deals. Traders cannot identify reasonable prices without functional bid/ask quotes. Therefore they will never see the amount they should pay when placing their sales. There would be only one exception to this condition: no one could stop you from making trades. It would happen only if you were holding an over-the-counter (OTC) position overnight with no other players other than you and your counterparty.
B) Lack of liquidity results in slippage and pips.
There will be high slippage when there is very little liquidity. Such a scenario would be highly disappointing for those traders who make transactions since it increases the disparity between where they anticipated their value based on the chart and where it ultimately ended up. It can also result in price chart gaps that traders cannot fill because they run out of money before their request is placed. This phenomenon is also known as negative pips, and while such situations arise, your stop loss (SL) and take profit (TL) do not function as planned. This can be risky since traders may end up with unexpected outcomes, leading to losing your position.
III. How liquidity providers affect traders and profitability
Forex market makers boost liquidity by assuring that there will always be some consumers willing to take on any other trader, regardless of the size of their position. The bid and ask quotes that liquidity providers in Forex provide are here to allow competitive pricing. Aside from that, their responsibility is to ensure that trading at a fluctuating price is impossible. The key is that they are always linked to another order. Best liquidity providers focus on avoiding situations where orders remain superior for too long since such a phenomenon will likely lead to price swings. To accomplish that, providers need to increase volume. If someone is looking for a specific currency, another person at the other end of the transaction could provide it.
By guaranteeing liquidity is constantly available, Forex brokers can assist reduce volatility and remove price gaps caused by traders having to wait so long to finish orders. Investors are less likely to lose money by holding on to successful trades longer than needed, which positively impacts traders’ profitability. Due to a significant absence of market integrity, they may miss out on chances that may have resulted in more significant profits if they had shifted with the market. As a result, enhanced liquidity and market integrity benefit everyone engaged in trading, no matter the category of the trader.
IV. Which market participants help provide liquidity?
Trading companies, major corporations, and governments can provide Forex liquidity. When it comes to retail trading, there are two main categories of FX liquidity providers:
A) Market makers
The first main category of the retail liquidity provider is the market maker, whose main job is to take part in the orders of many traders. They offer bids and ask prices that are convincing for them to place an order in their favor. This leads to the reduction of spreads and boosts volume. It is a win-win situation when quotes remain competitive. What is also beneficial to know is that market makers are not the same as traditional brokers. The main difference is that they do not undertake risk when delivering such quotes. Their main job is to be middlemen. That means they never control any money in the rotation.
Also, human or computerized market makers invest their actual capital and then offer liquidity by quoting artificially low prices to attract additional users.
B) Electronic dealers (ECN/STP)
Without providing quotations, computerized market makers order directly to the best pricing. If no matching quote is found, your request will be held on hold until another trader shows and offers one which will meet your criteria than if you had placed a limit order with a broker. Since spreads could be very tight, it is perceived as a significant benefit for traders. All of this leads to better pricing on every transaction.
Now, why is FX liquidity even necessary? Mainly because nobody knows when you might need a particular currency as soon as possible. If nobody is willing or able to provide it, you may miss a significant portion of your potential profits. Also, when it comes to quoting rates, both computerized and real market makers take no chances since they profit only by receiving specific fees. However, it is a good way of profiting thanks to their proposed spreads, especially if there are no other options.
The bottom line is that more liquidity not only means more efficiency but it also means you’re less likely to face price gaps, which can lead to wasted chances.